hping3 介绍

hping是一个命令行导向的TCP/IP包,是面向TCP/IP数据包汇编/分析器的一个命令行。接口来自于unix ping命令,但hping不只是发送ICMP回应请求。它还支持TCP、UDP、ICMP和原始的ip协议、路由跟踪模式,覆盖通道之间发送文件的能力,以及许多其他功能。

资料来源:http://www.hping.org/

hping3 首页
hping3 源代码版本库

作者:Salvatore Sanfilippo
许可:GPLv2

包含在hping3里的工具

hping3 - 主动式网络粉碎工具
:~# hping3 -h

usage: hping3 host [options]
  -h  --help      show this help
  -v  --version   show version
  -c  --count     packet count
  -i  --interval  wait (uX for X microseconds, for example -i u1000)
      --fast      alias for -i u10000 (10 packets for second)
      --faster    alias for -i u1000 (100 packets for second)
      --flood      sent packets as fast as possible. Don't show replies.
  -n  --numeric   numeric output
  -q  --quiet     quiet
  -I  --interface interface name (otherwise default routing interface)
  -V  --verbose   verbose mode
  -D  --debug     debugging info
  -z  --bind      bind ctrl+z to ttl (default to dst port)
  -Z  --unbind    unbind ctrl+z
      --beep      beep for every matching packet received

<Mode>:   (default mode TCP)
  -0  --rawip      RAW IP mode
  -1  --icmp       ICMP mode
  -2  --udp        UDP mode
  -8  --scan       SCAN mode.
                   Example: hping --scan 1-30,70-90 -S www.target.host
  -9  --listen     listen mode

<IP>:
  -a  --spoof      spoof source address
  --rand-dest      random destionation address mode. see the man.
  --rand-source    random source address mode. see the man.
  -t  --ttl        ttl (default 64)
  -N  --id         id (default random)
  -W  --winid      use win* id byte ordering
  -r  --rel        relativize id field  (to estimate host traffic)
  -f  --frag       split packets in more frag.  (may pass weak acl)
  -x  --morefrag   set more fragments flag
  -y  --dontfrag   set don't fragment flag
  -g  --fragoff    set the fragment offset
  -m  --mtu        set virtual mtu, implies --frag if packet size > mtu
  -o  --tos        type of service (default 0x00), try --tos help
  -G  --rroute     includes RECORD_ROUTE option and display the route
                   buffer
  --lsrr           loose source routing and record route
  --ssrr           strict source routing and record route
  -H  --ipproto    set the IP protocol field, only in RAW IP mode

<ICMP>:
  -C  --icmptype   icmp type (default echo request)
  -K  --icmpcode   icmp code (default 0)
      --force-icmp send all icmp types (default send only supported types)
      --icmp-gw    set gateway address for ICMP redirect (default 0.0.0.0)
      --icmp-ts    Alias for --icmp --icmptype 13 (ICMP timestamp)
      --icmp-addr  Alias for --icmp --icmptype 17 (ICMP address subnet
                   mask)
      --icmp-help  display help for others icmp options

<UDP/TCP>:
  -s  --baseport   base source port   (default random)
  -p  --destport   [+][+]<port> destination port(default 0) ctrl+z inc/dec
  -k  --keep       keep still source port
  -w  --win        winsize (default 64)
  -O  --tcpoff     set fake tcp data offset (instead of tcphdrlen / 4)
  -Q  --seqnum     shows only tcp sequence number
  -b  --badcksum   (try to) send packets with a bad IP checksum
                   many systems will fix the IP checksum sending the packet
                   so you'll get bad UDP/TCP checksum instead.
  -M  --setseq     set TCP sequence number
  -L  --setack     set TCP ack
  -F  --fin        set FIN flag
  -S  --syn        set SYN flag
  -R  --rst        set RST flag
  -P  --push       set PUSH flag
  -A  --ack        set ACK flag
  -U  --urg        set URG flag
  -X  --xmas       set X unused flag (0x40)
  -Y  --ymas       set Y unused flag (0x80)
  --tcpexitcode    use last tcp->th_flags as exit code
  --tcp-mss        enable the TCP MSS option with the given value
  --tcp-timestamp  enable the TCP timestamp option to guess the HZ/uptime

<Common>:
  -d  --data       data size  (default is 0)
  -E  --file       data from file
  -e  --sign       add 'signature'
  -j  --dump       dump packets in hex
  -J  --print      dump printable characters
  -B  --safe       enable 'safe' protocol
  -u  --end        tell you when --file reached EOF and prevent rewind
  -T  --traceroute   traceroute mode  (implies --bind and --ttl 1)
  --tr-stop        Exit when receive the first not ICMP in traceroute mode
  --tr-keep-ttl    Keep the source TTL fixed, useful to monitor just one
                   hop
  --tr-no-rtt      Don't calculate/show RTT information in traceroute mode
                   ARS packet description (new, unstable)
  --apd-send       Send the packet described with APD (see docs/APD.txt)

hping3 示例

用traceroute模式(--traceroute),可以详细(-v)的ICMP 模式(-1)对目标(www.example.com):

:~# hping3 --traceroute -V -1 www.example.com
using eth0, addr: 192.168.1.15, MTU: 1500
HPING www.example.com (eth0 93.184.216.119): icmp mode set, 28 headers + 0 data bytes
hop=1 TTL 0 during transit from ip=192.168.1.1 name=UNKNOWN
hop=1 hoprtt=0.3 ms
hop=2 TTL 0 during transit from ip=192.168.0.1 name=UNKNOWN
hop=2 hoprtt=3.3 ms